How do people decide some dialect is now a completely different language?

2021.09.25 04:31 headlesshumanstudio How do people decide some dialect is now a completely different language?

Hi guys,

I'm not asking this question in a philosophical sense but more in a literal sense. What are the processes whereby a language actually gains legitimate grounding as a new language? Are there like committees that get together for this sort of thing? Does it just have to be the nation itself that recognises the new language? Very interested in the stages languages go through for recognition.
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2021.09.25 04:31 lapolladesertora Un Chuck Norris laburando para un buen (...fin de...) viernes:

Un Chuck Norris laburando para un buen (...fin de...) viernes: submitted by lapolladesertora to LaPollaRedditora [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 BlancheFromage "And then he bumped his bottom!"

Sometimes the differences in translations are flat-out hilarious.
Here is one such example - first, the excerpt I've posted from an online source:

As told in the first book of “The New Human Revolution,” a novelized history of Ikeda’s leadership with dozens of volumes, one of more than 100 books he’s credited with writing, in 1960, shortly after becoming president, he traveled to Chicago for a Buddhist conference. On a Sunday morning he took a stroll in Lincoln Park with Japanese colleagues. In an open area they saw a group of white boys, seven- or eight-years-old, kicking a ball between them while an elderly white man sat on a bench laughing and calling out encouragement whenever a boy missed a kick. An African-American boy also watched the game with rapt interest but, unlike white children who passed by, he wasn’t invited to play.
When one of the children missed the ball and fell down, the black boy laughed and cheered. Furious, the senior stood up and screamed at him. The child shook with humiliation, fired back an angry retort, and then sprinted out of sight. Ikeda was overcome with indignation. “His hands, unconsciously clenched into fists, trembled,” the author narrates, writing about himself in third person. “He felt a helpless sense of anger toward a society where such unjust treatment of a young boy passed unchallenged. This incident happened as the centennial of Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation abolishing slavery in America was approaching, and in a park that bore this American president’s name… In his heart, he addressed the young boy in the park: ‘I promise you that I will build a society truly worthy of your love and pride.’” Source
And here's the version from my copy of that book:
The next day, October 9, was a Sunday. Shin'ichi did not want to disturb the local members on the morning of their day off, so he hadn't scheduled any activities before the afternoon. He and the other leaders took a morning walk in Lincoln Park, which ran along the shore of Lake Michigan. Set against a backdrop of skyscrapers, the park itself was a haven of lush trees, frolicking squirrels and wide stretches of green grass.
In one of the park's open areas, several children were playing, kicking a ball between them. They were all boys of around 7 or 8. Seated on a bench to one side and with a smile watching over the children's happy antics was an elderly white-haired man. It was a heartwarming scene - a leisurely Sunday in the park. The elderly man would laugh and call out encouragingly to the boys whenever their attempts to kick the ball failed. Whenever another child approached, the others would call out and invite him to join in, and their ranks grew by ones and twos.
Then a boy in a jumper came along, but no one asked him to join in. Unlike the others, this boy was African American. He stood in the shade of a nearby tree, his gaze riveted on the children playing with the ball. The old gentleman also ignored him. Another child then came along and, at everyone's beckoning, joined the game. Nobody, however, called out to the boy who was standing in the shadows of the tree.
When one of the children missed the ball and fell down, the boy laughed out loud and cheered. The elderly man rose from the bench, red-faced, and started to scream at him. The boy glared back at the man, his eyes burning with anger and hurt. He shot a retort at the man, then abruptly turned and ran away, his shoulders quivering with painful humiliation.
Shin'ichi's face clouded over. He wanted to run after the boy, but the boy had disappeared from sight.
Surely catching up with him should have been no obstacle for Track Star Shin'ichi!
Powerful indignation seized Shin'ichi. His hands, unconsciously clenched into fists, trembled. He felt a helpless sense of anger toward a society where such unjust treatment of a young boy passed unchallenged.
Now we have to skip 3 pages of blabitty blab to get to the conclusion of this scene:
In his heart, he addressed the young boy in the park:
The young boy who's now long gone, remember, having run off 4 pages ago.
"I promise you that I will build a society truly worthy of your love and pride." Source
And now, from INDIA, comes yet another translation that brings the hilarity!
"When One Of The Children Missed The Ball And Fell On His Bottom, The Boy Laughed Out Loud And Cheered. The Elderly Man Rose From The Bench, Red-Faced, And Started To Scream At Him. The Boy Glared Back At The Man, His Eyes Burning With Anger And Hurt. He Shot Some Sort Of Retort To The Man, Then Abruptly Turned And Ran Away, His Shoulders Quivering With Painful Humiliation..." Source
I don't even know where to start with that! 😄
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2021.09.25 04:31 SquishyBall2472 The amount of times this woman has said No OnE WaNtS tO wOrK is too damn high! People will work for a living wage Sara!

The amount of times this woman has said No OnE WaNtS tO wOrK is too damn high! People will work for a living wage Sara! submitted by SquishyBall2472 to SarahBowmar [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 fantastopheles 64-bit hit KMS, happily ever after and then?

Hello guys, it’s me. Weeks back I posted some pleasant experience on using 64-bit client firsthand right after it hit the test server. And tbh, that hour was probably the happiest hour of my life compared to the chaos ensued later.
So, to begin with, let’s do some spec-check on my desktop, I have Maple installed on a SSD running 16GB RAM, NVIDIA RTX2060 and i5 9400F processor, Window 10 Home. I do hunting/grinding almost everyday for 2 hours straight to digest the weekly supply of Legion Wealth buff. I also do weekly bossing across 5 characters, up to Hard Lomien and Luwill (is this the right way to say it?)
Okay, enough introduction, what happened after that? Nexon … kinda … got backfired by the client. It all started when the I/O Memory Output switch began swallowing your entire computer memory - that explains the random stutters I get, probably signs of my PC getting suffocated by Maple.
V1.1 They had a mini patch to take it out temporarily. Lets just say, for some reason, things just don’t feel the same without I/O Memory Output My medal tab and Smithing tab get noticeable lag, server loads long, despite manually allocating whether 75% to 100% of my memory to Maple. And for some reason it resets back to 50% as default setting every time when I restarted client, randomly? It feels almost no difference than 32-bit because you also get that weird stutters, just less frequent.
V1.2 About a few days later, Nexon did another off-schedule mini patch and brought back I/O Memory Output. And with it activated, Maple seems to be alive again. Medal tab and Smithing no longer froze for too long. Map still freezes a bit but briefer. Hunting still slumps though. It just freezes / has a frame rate drop especially when you move too fast (like, falling from top to bottom) you will see it. It’s not stutters but it’s just very disgusting scene transition that never occurred to me before. But it only happens after a long hour, I ground for 2 hours and didn’t feel anything (perhaps I was distracted by Netflix) and it got noticeably worse when I did something else, like chatting, doing some theme dungeons on mules.
V1.3 On a Saturday morning they did a mini patch. And it’s funny they didn’t address what they did exactly in the patch, even till now. This is when the community found out that the stutters could be completely gotten rid of by sending the damn Chat Window out of in-game Maple interface by setting as Window mode + Chat window at the side.
Playing window mode does help alleviating the lag a bit but the chat window does more harm than playing full screen.
V1.4 Yup, it’s today, another Saturday Morning; another mini patch, they have addressed on what they did this time. They’ve disabled battle information tab on Chat window and won’t put it back till they’ve realized the source of problem and a solution to it. Well, honestly speaking, I have yet noticed the difference since I’m off to work. It is supposed to fix grinding lag.
Okay, what actually the 64-bit improves? Any difference you’ve noticed?

Other than that… not really. The quick server load is delicious though. You get to character screen when the loading circle hit 1/4 or less. Same goes with going into game. It is weird because, despite having 16GB RAM, under constant monitoring on Task Manager, whether I/O is on, the limit of RAM is from 8 to 16, throughout V1.0 to V1.4, my memory consumption never go more than 10.0 GB, it occasionally spikes to 9+ but it’s constantly about 6-8.0 GB.
What do Korean community think?
In short, on modern computer spec slightly above average, 64-Bit client, while does improve the gaming experience, due to unforeseen circumstances, ironically impacted the gaming experience mainly in terms of hunting - the transition got really bad it sometimes made your jump-attack to cover upper platform nearby mistimed, missed.
Bossing? Surprisingly not much of difference. I wonder if it’s because I ran Maple on SSD.
This has been only less than a month since 64-bit hit the main server in Korea and it’s expected to be rocky before they sorted out on things.
Thank you for reading and I hope this post quenches your curiosity on what happened after the update.
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2021.09.25 04:31 comiekilla Is this a good price?

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2021.09.25 04:31 RiiguyHATESHFUNDS submitted by RiiguyHATESHFUNDS to CRYPTOComrade [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 LeeLeeCarew Well.. this is confusing

Well.. this is confusing
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2021.09.25 04:31 IronWolve School enrollment

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2021.09.25 04:31 MrsLuna44 Restfull Moon is WONDERFUL!!!

Just got my $6.50 order sale today and I'm sooooo glad I got 5 of the RestfullMoon body Cream. It smells very soothing and wonderful scent all around. If you like comfort, you will like this even more. I also got 2 body lotion in the jars at my bbw shop in person. They didn't have the body cream. I also stocked up on the Chamomile which is another wonderful soothing scent. I have a feeling this one will be retired soon. I haven't been this thrilled over a scent like this in a long time. Restfull Moon is one of my favorites now. Stars is still my number one.
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2021.09.25 04:31 Lagmaster4life there is no need to worry anymore

that person that comes here once a week and comments way too much has come
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2021.09.25 04:31 Dangerous_Land_777 Hmmm….🚀#OPAD

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2021.09.25 04:31 2_Blue Though his main income is derived from conducting Satanic worship services, Jack Black also makes extra money by dressing in a hot dog costume and standing in front of McDonalds until the manager pays him to go away . . .

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2021.09.25 04:31 g26curtis Barbarian Clans Navy Razing Cities in the early game advice

So I absolutely love barbarian clans mode, but there is one issue that I struggle with.
In the early game when settling city number 2 or 3 (coastal) Barbarian galleys and quadmarines come out of nowhere and surround the city and raze it.
I will try to buy a slinger on the turn i settled or if I have the money a builder the slinger it does barely anything to them. And if I bought a builder I don’t have time to chop out walls before I’m dead.
What could I do to better handle this situation?
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2021.09.25 04:31 512bitlink 29 [M4F] - Capitol Hill - Looking for cuddle and breast play partner

The weather is supposed to be getting colder next week and is also supposed to rain a lot. I would love to find a cuddle buddy/fwb (open to a relationship if we click.) I am also hoping to find someone that is also in breast play / nipple play. I really like the inmate/foreplay aspect of being with someone (cuddling, making out, kissing your body, breast play, etc). I would like to make meeting up for cuddles and the things I listed above a regular thing with, so if you are close to capitol hill it would make that easier. Hope you are open to cuddling for hours while having your breast/nipples played with. I pride myself on being respectful, honest, and open minded enough to communicate. I am not trying to hide anything about who I am or what I am looking for. I am happy to answer any question you may have about me and feel free to look at my post history.
Mutual attraction is important to me, so I would want to exchange verification pictures early on in out messaging. Hopefully we can meet this weekend for something casual like coffee, and maybe we can go back to one of hour places to cuddle from there. I have my own place in Capitol Hill, but I am also able to travel a reasonable distance if you want to host.

Please PM me or send me a chat request if you are interested. If this is up I’m probably still looking for someone.
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2021.09.25 04:31 cndnlumberjack [Xbox] [h] STRIKER SB Triplex [w] 25k pure or bigger item or combined offer

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2021.09.25 04:31 Zealousideal_Cut_128 My dream plant, Hoya Carnosa Compacta (Variegated), came in the mail today. It was in ROUGH shape. 😅 so I did something really stupid and cut up the whole plant and I REALLY hope this works. Every cut made me physically ache. Tips very much appreciated

My dream plant, Hoya Carnosa Compacta (Variegated), came in the mail today. It was in ROUGH shape. 😅 so I did something really stupid and cut up the whole plant and I REALLY hope this works. Every cut made me physically ache. Tips very much appreciated submitted by Zealousideal_Cut_128 to houseplants [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 Trvlnfb1142 So nice

So nice submitted by Trvlnfb1142 to thongsandals [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 atention-deliver Update from yesterday: kinda fixed it with harbinger of dawn (not included in the picture the 15% CR from the burst)

Update from yesterday: kinda fixed it with harbinger of dawn (not included in the picture the 15% CR from the burst) submitted by atention-deliver to KeqingMains [link] [comments]

2021.09.25 04:31 GAInsider Loved "The Manor" haunted maze at Great Adventure!

It's by far my favorite maze in the park.... resembled to look like an old.... manor house, and a vintage recording of the 1940's "Pistol Packin' Mama" playing throughout just added to the creepiness! Kudos, GA!!
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2021.09.25 04:31 prawnbiryani 💗☁🍦🌸🧁🤍🦩

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2021.09.25 04:31 ARREST_HILLARY_NOW The Show 'Friends', But This Time Starring The Taliban

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2021.09.25 04:31 Ducati0411 Hows the traffic?

Hey everyone 👋.
I'll be new to the area shortly. Looking to rent a place for a few months then buy a place once I find the right place. I think I want to buy a place as close to or in downtown as possible. I dont have a budget so I'm not worried about the pricing, but how's the traffic?
I'm guessing with UK being close saturdays get crazy during football season, but is it terrible?
I'm 31 and will be traveling to Lexington for a few days each week and want to be close to where the fun is, but am open to living outside downtown if the traffic is much better.
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2021.09.25 04:31 marlee_dood Help

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2021.09.25 04:31 Spazzmodic Can I find a better rom for this game?

I'm trying to find a good rom for shinobi (2011) but what I end up finding is broken/incompatible. The site I used was and I chose the u.s. decrypted. Every file is in the txt format execpt for the biggest file. I'm not looking foward to many technical mumbo jumbo, so try to keep it simple.
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